Chris B. Schaffer, Nozomi Nishimura, Eli N. Glezer, AlbertM.-T. Kim, and Eric Mazur
Optics Express (2002)
Using time-resolved imaging and scattering techniques, we directly and indirectly monitor the breakdown dynamics induced in water by femtosecond laser pulses over eight orders of magnitude in time. We resolve, for the first time, the picosecond plasma dynamics and observe a 20 ps delay before the laser-produced plasma expands. We attribute this delay to the electron-ion energy transfer time.